Bahariya consists of many villages of which El Bawiti is the largest and the administrative center. To the east, about ten kilometers away are the villages of Mandishah and el-Zabu.
A smaller village called el-'Aguz lies between El Bawiti and Mandishah.
Located in Giza Governorate, the main economic sectors are agriculture, iron ore mining, and tourism.
The main agricultural products are guavas, mangos, dates, and olives.
During the World War I the Baharia Military Railway was built to provide access to the oasis.
The 3-foot-tall female mummy was found covered with plaster decorated to resemble Roman dress and jewelry.
In addition to the female mummy, archaeologists found clay and glass vessels, coins, anthropoid masks and 14 Greco-Roman tombs.
The Greek historian Strabo (63 BCE – 23 CE) calls it the ‘Second Oasis’; the historian Olympiodorus of Thebes (5th century CE: Byzantine Era) calls it ‘the Third Oasis.
In Coptic times it was known as the Oasis of Pemdje (the ancient Oxyrhynchos, nowadays known as al-Bahnasa) and in Islamic times it was called the Oasis of Bahnasa.